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Share of Americans investing money in the stock market 1999-2020

In 2020, 55 percent of adults in the United States invested in the stock market. This figure has remained steady over the last few years, and is still below the levels before the Great Recession, when it peaked in 2007 at 65 percent.

What is the stock market?

The “stock market” can be defined as a group of stock exchanges, where investors can buy shares in a publicly traded company. An increasing number of Americans are using an online investing service, making stock trading more accessible to internet-savvy investors. Returns in the stock market can be high, if the trader chooses the correct stocks.

Other investments

A significant number of people thinks stocks are the best long-term investment, while others point to real estate, gold, bonds, or a savings account. Since witnessing the significant one-day losses in the stock market during the Financial Crisis, many investors were turning towards these alternatives in hopes for more stability, particularly for investments with longer maturities. This could explain the decrease in this statistic since 2007. Nevertheless, some speculators enjoy chasing the short-run fluctuations, and others see value in choosing particular stocks.

Share of adults investing money in the stock market in the United States from 1999 to 2020

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Release date

June 2020


United States

Survey time period

1999 to 2020

Number of respondents

1,015 respondents

Age group

18 years and older

Method of interview

Telephone interview

Supplementary notes

This question was phrased by the source as follows: "Do you, personally, or jointly with a spouse, have any money invested in the stock market right now - either in an individual stock, a stock mutual fund, or in a self-directed 401 (k) or IRA?"

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