Diabetics worldwide 2021, 2030, and 2045
Diabetes prevalence globally
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the production and use of insulin in the body which affects blood glucose. Diabetes comes in two types, type 1 and type 2, which require different types of medical treatments. Globally, China, followed by India, has the largest number of diabetics as of 2021. Despite having the highest number of diabetics, China is not among the countries with the highest prevalence. French Polynesia, followed by Mauritius, had the highest prevalence of diabetics worldwide as of 2021.
Treatment for diabetes includes insulin, a hormone that regulates blood glucose, and pills to help regulate the effectiveness of insulin. Treatment depends on the type of diabete. The top drug for the treatment of diabetes, based on market share in 2017, was NovoRapid by Novo Nordisk. NovoRapid is a rapid-acting insulin marketed for both children and adults.