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Population of largest urban areas in the United Kingdom (UK) 2019

London was by far the largest urban area in the United Kingdom in 2019, with a population of 8.9 million people, almost four times as large as Birmingham, the UK’s second biggest city. The northern English cities of Manchester and Leeds had the third and fourth largest populations respectively, while the biggest city in Scotland, Glasgow was the fifth largest.

 London larger than many regions

  With such a huge population, London was larger than almost all the regions of England, except for South East England, which had a population of 9.18 million in 2019. The third most-heavily populated region in England is the North West which includes the large settlements of Manchester, Liverpool Warrington and Preston.

London’s population growth

  Throughout the 1980s the population of London fluctuated from a high of 6.81 million people in 1981 to a low of 6.73 million inhabitants in 1988. During the 1990s the population of London increased from 6.8 million at the start of the decade to 7.15 million by 1999. London's population has continued to increase in the 21st century, reaching a peak of 8.96 million people in 2019. and is forecast to reach 10.35 million by 2041.

Population of the largest urban areas in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2019, (in million inhabitants)*

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Release date

June 2020


United Kingdom

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* With the exception of London and Glasgow, the urban areas listed in this statistic are classed as Metropolitan Counties. London is classed as a region of England, while Glasgow is a combination of eight Scottish council areas (Glasgow City, North & South Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, East Renfrewshire, Falkirk, West Dunbartonshire and Inverclyde.)

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Statistics on "Demographics of the UK"

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