Natural gas in Turkey’s energy mixFossil fuels play an important role in Turkey’s energy mix, with natural gas being one of the most significant. In 2019, this energy source had a share of 19 percent. Despite this, natural gas shares in the energy mix have declined since 2014, when natural gas accounted with 48 percent of the energy generation.
TradeTurkey is heavily reliant on gas imports, from both pipeline and LNG (liquefied natural gas). In 2020, combined imports amounted to 46.6 billion cubic meters. This was a similar volume when compared to the five years prior. However, 2018 saw a noticeable decrease, with pipeline and LNG imports amounting to 20.2 billion cubic meters and 11.4 billion cubic meters, respectively. In 2020, Turkey had a share of three percent of worldwide LNG imports.
Turkey is a major customer of Gazprom, the Russian state-owned energy company, importing 16.4 billion cubic meter from them in 2020.