Renewable energy generation has grown significantly since 2000, increasing from 0.3 terawatt-hours in 2000 to a peak of 37.7 terawatt-hours in 2018. Meanwhile, consumption echoed this trend, totaling 8.5 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018.
A focus on wind turbine installations has led to wind energy generation reaching 19.8 terawatt-hours in 2018. This was an increase of 19 terawatt-hours compared to 2008. Similarly, solar power expanded, especially in recent years when generation rose from 20 gigawatt-hours in 2014 to nearly 2,892 in 2017. In the wake of COVID-19, fears have grown over future investments into wind and solar deployment potentially being delayed, with experts urging for governmental help in extending deadlines and improvements in network infrastructure.
As the most common renewable source in the country, hydropower alone accounts for nearly one fifth of Turkey’s energy production. In 2018, this was 59.5 terawatt-hours of electricity.
When it comes to bioenergy capacity, figures grew more than fivefold over the last decade, reaching 572 megawatts as of 2018. That year, geothermal cumulative installed capacity amounted to 1,283 megawatts. When compared to other renewable energy sources, geothermal and biomass sources were a relatively minor contributor towards energy generation in Turkey.