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Renewable energy in Turkey - statistics & facts

Turkey’s landscape is uniquely suited for hydroelectricity generating dams. Construction of the first hydro plants began in the early 20th century and paved the way for further deployment of renewable energy technologies. With concern over wildlife and the environmental implications of large hydro plants growing, Turkey has increased solar and wind shares in the power mix.

Renewable energy generation

Renewable energy generation has grown significantly since 2000, increasing from 0.3 terawatt-hours in 2000 to a peak of 62.7 terawatt-hours in 2021. Meanwhile, renewable consumption echoed this trend, totaling 610 petajoules in 2021.
A focus on wind turbine installations has led to wind energy generation in Turkey reaching over 31 terawatt-hours in 2021. This was an increase of 30.3 terawatt-hours compared to 2008. Similarly, Turkey expanded solar power use, especially in recent years when generation rose from 20 gigawatt-hours in 2014 to nearly 11 terawatt-hours in 2020. In the wake of COVID-19, fears have grown over future investments into wind and solar deployment potentially being delayed, with experts urging for governmental help in extending deadlines and improvements in network infrastructure.

Hydroelectricity - largest renewable source of electricity

As the most common renewable source in the country, hydropower alone accounts for nearly one fifth of Turkey’s energy production. In 2019, the hydoelectricity generation peaked at 89 terawatt-hours of electricity, whereas it decreased to 55.7 terawatt-hours in 2021.
When it comes to bioenergy capacity, figures have grown over tenfold since 2008, reaching over 1.6 thousand megawatts as of 2021. In 2020, geothermal cumulative installed capacity amounted to 1.6 gigawatts. Compared to other renewable energy sources, Turkey's geothermal and biomass sources were relatively minor contributors to energy generation.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 30 most important statistics relating to "Renewable energy in Turkey".

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