Renewable energy in Turkey - Statistics & facts

Turkey’s landscape is uniquely suited for hydroelectricity generating dams. Construction of the first hydro plants began in the early 20th century and paved the way for further deployment of renewable energy technologies. With concern over wildlife and environmental implications of large hydro plants growing, Turkey has taken pains to increase solar and wind shares in the power mix.

Renewable energy generation has grown significantly since 2000, increasing from 0.3 terawatt-hours in 2000 to a peak of 45.3 terawatt hours in 2019. Meanwhile, renewable consumption echoed this trend, totaling 410 petajoules in 2019.

A focus on wind turbine installations has led to wind energy generation in Turkey reaching 21.7 terawatt hours in 2019. This was an increase of nearly 21 terawatt hours compared to 2008. Similarly, Turkey expanded solar power use, especially in recent years when generation rose from 20 gigawatt hours in 2014 to nearly 7.8 terawatt hours in 2019. In the wake of COVID-19, fears have grown over future investments into wind and solar deployment potentially being delayed, with experts urging for governmental help in extending deadlines and improvements in network infrastructure.

As the most common renewable source in the country, hydropower alone accounts for nearly one fifth of Turkey’s energy production. In 2019, this was 89.2 terawatt-hours of electricity.
When it comes to bioenergy capacity, figures have grown nearly tenfold since 2008, reaching 983 megawatts as of 2019. That year, geothermal cumulative installed capacity amounted to 1.5 gigawatts. When compared to other renewable energy sources, geothermal and biomass sources were a relatively minor contributor towards energy generation in Turkey.

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Renewable energy in Turkey

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Wind and solar

Geothermal and biomass

Hydro energy

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