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Volume of garlic production in India FY 2018, by leading state

Rajasthan recorded the highest production of garlic across India in financial year 2018, amounting to over 582 thousand metric tons. The Northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab followed. The country produced over 1.1 million metric tons of the seasoning herb that year.  

In human consumption

  Native to central Asia and parts of Iran, garlic has been used for thousands of years as a seasoning plant. It was used in traditional medicine widely across Egypt and was considered “food among the poor” in ancient Rome. It belongs to the leek family and comes in many varieties. While China produces nearly 80 percent of garlic worldwide, India came second, accounting for about five percent. In India, it is essential in seasoning, along with ginger and onions, often in combination as a ginger-garlic paste.

In Indian mythology

In Ayurveda, garlic has medicinal and healing qualities, often in higher demand during the winter months. Some faiths within India regard garlic, along with onions and other root vegetables to be impure, and hence do not consume it. It is also not part of the offering given to worshippers at temples. This stems from one of the legends about the gods and demons fighting over the nectar of immortality - one of the demons partook in the nectar and was decapitated by one of the gods as a result. Since he drank the nectar, he did not die. But drops of nectar fell from him onto the Earth and sprouted into garlic.
Despite this supposed impurity, garlic has been written about extensively in several Indian scriptures, specifically for its ability to heal winter ailments that occur in regions of the subcontinent. This often resulted in higher demand for the vegetable in the colder months.

Volume of garlic produced across India in financial year 2018, by leading state

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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period

FY 2018

Supplementary notes

India's financial year begins in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2017 started in April 2016 and ended in March 2017.

Values have been rounded for clarity.

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