Additionally, the industry offers enormous employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled workers. It is one of the main sources of livelihood for women in rural India. The production of fibers, spinning yarn, weaving fabric, dyeing, and printing textiles, as well as cloth production, are all part of India's vast textile sector. The industry generates an array of products for both domestic and international markets. The leading textile-producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu.
Textile exportsIndia exports textiles and apparel to more than 100 nations worldwide. It is the third-largest exporter of textiles globally. Ready-made garments were the most exported product, followed by cotton textiles and man-made textiles in the financial year 2022. During the same year, textile exports peaked in value worth over 44 billion U.S. dollars.
The United States and the European Union were among the major textile export destinations. However, due to the rise in inflation because of the Ukraine War, consumers in the United States and Europe, and other markets have reduced apparel purchases. Due to the decrease in demand, the export of textiles and apparel decreased by 13.9 percent in the financial year 2023.
Textile categoriesThe country has a long history of producing high-quality textiles in both contemporary and traditional designs. The uniqueness of this industry lies in its rich cultural heritage evident in the many types of textiles produced across different regions of India. It is also heavily reliant on the agriculture industry for raw materials such as cotton, silk, etc.
Traditional textiles encompass both handloom and machine-made textiles made of cotton, jute, silk, and wool. India produces the most cotton accounting for 23 percent of global production, with about 39 percent of land area under cultivation.