Organic farming in Finland - Statistics & Facts

Finland is the northernmost agricultural country in the world. In 2018, over 12 percent of the country’s agricultural land area was under organic cultivation. Organic land grew steadily in recent years and is expected to total to nearly 300,000 hectares as of 2018. The land area is projected to increase further up to 2022 when it is forecast to exceed 310,000 hectares. The largest organic agricultural land areas are located in Northern and Southern Ostrobothnia as well as in Southwest Finland. The most cultivated organic crop in terms of volume is oat, with nearly 60 million kilograms produced in 2017.

In the same year, there were approximately five thousand organic farms in Finland, which accounted for over ten percent of the total amount of farms in the country. The number of farms practicing organic cultivation is expected to increase in the future. By the end of 2020, Finland is predicted to have over 5,800 organic farms. The average size of organic farms has risen and is set to reach over 58 hectares per farm in 2018.

Dairy farming is the largest agricultural sector in terms of turnover. As of 2015, there were a little over 150 organic dairy cattle farms in Finland. From 2015 to 2017, the amount of organic milk produced in Finland increased, totaling approximately 63 million liters in 2017.

Regarding meat production, beef cattle and pigs are the most cultivated livestock in Finland. In 2016, a little under 4.4 million kilograms of organic meat were produced in the country, approximately 1.5 million kilograms more than in 2013. Beef accounts for the majority of organic meat production. As of 2017, 2.6 million kilograms of organic beef are produced in Finland each year. This accounted for approximately three percent of the total beef production. In recent years, a href="https://statista.com/statistics/739793/production-volume-of-organic-pork-in-finland/" target="_blank">the production volume for organic pork reached nearly 0.85 million kilograms (2017), while organic poultry production fell to 180 thousand kilograms (2016). Compared to other types of organic meat, lamb was produced at a lower volume of 320 thousand kilograms. However, it accounted for nearly 25 percent of all lamb production in the country.

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