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Deaths of migrants on the Central Mediterranean Route 2014-2020

In 2019, 1.3 thousand migrants died by crossing the Central Mediterranean route. The Mediterranean Sea recorded worldwide the largest number of deaths and missing cases of people who migrated. In particular, the Central Mediterranean Sea registered the highest number of fatalities.
Between January and November 2020, 724 people were estimated to have died in the attempt to cross the Central Mediterranean route.
Furthermore, 2016 was the year in which the number of deaths on the Central Mediterranean Route peaked. In fact, about 4.6 thousand migrants died in the Central Mediterranean Sea in 2016. This route includes the crossing from North Africa to Italy, and Malta. The main departing country is Libya, while Tunisia, Egypt, and East Algeria represent minor departing shores.

Number of recorded deaths of migrants on the Central Mediterranean Route from 2014 to 2020

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Source

Release date

November 2020

Region

Europe, MENA

Survey time period

2014 to November 2020

Supplementary notes

*November 27, 2020
The Missing Migrants Project counts migrants who have died in the attempt to migrate to a country different from their country of residence. The count does not include the deaths of people occurred in immigration detention centers as well as deaths occurred after the deportation to the homeland. In addition, the project does not count the deaths of migrants occurred as a result of labor exploitation.

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