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Average daily trading volume of U.S. treasury securities 2000-2018

In 2018, the average total volume of treasury securities traded per day was over 547 billion U.S. dollars. This means that every day the market was open, the average amount of U.S. government securities bought and sold amounted to half a trillion U.S. dollars in that year.

What are treasury securities?

Treasury securities are U.S. government debt, bonds sold to finance the United States government. Since the United States is seen as a guaranteed investment, these bonds are often used by large financial firms as collateral. The yield on a Treasury bond is minimal, but these institutions often do not hold them until maturity, instead trading them on secondary market.

Other options

The federal funds rate is the rate the Federal Reserve charges banks for overnight loans. Other assets, such as mortgaged backed securities, can also be used like treasury securities. Mortgage backed securities are bundles of home loans packaged together. Such bundling makes the overall security safer, unless there is a systemic shock to the housing market which would undermine the entire package.

Average daily trading volume of the treasury securities* in the United States from 2000 to 2018

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Release date

December 2019


United States

Survey time period

2000 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Covers debt markets as represented by the source.
*Marketable public debt.

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