Coal - proven reserves of the top ten countries 2018

The country with the world’s largest proven coal reserves as of 2018 was the United States. With coal reserves amounting to nearly 250 billion metric tons, the U.S. has approximately 90 billion metric tons more in proven coal reserves than Russia, the world’s second largest coal reserve holding nation.

Global coal reserves

  Proven coal reserves are quantities of coal that are confirmed by geological and engineering information and that can be extracted in the future under current economic and operating conditions. In 2017, the amount of global proved reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal amounted to around 718 billion metric tons. Sub-bituminous and lignite coal amounted to almost 317 billion metric tons that year.

United States and North American coal reserves

  The U.S. accounts for a 24 percent share of the global proved coal reserves. U.S. coal reserves can be broken down into two types: anthracite and bituminous, and sub-bituminous and lignite. The U.S. had about 228.8 billion metric tons of anthracite and bituminous coal reserves in 2017. They had significantly less reserves of sub-bituminous and lignite coal, at 30 billion metric tons that year. The ratio of coal reserves to production in North America was 335 years as of 2017. The Commonwealth of Independent States (Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and others) leads in the current rate of coal production—their coal reserves will last about 397 years at the current rate of production.

Proven coal reserves of the leading countries worldwide in 2018

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Release date

June 2019



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