Teenagers are particularly engaged online audiences, especially on social media. As of spring 2019, Snapchat was the favorite social network among teens in the United States, edging out Instagram and placing far ahead of Twitter and Facebook. A January 2019 survey of Generation Z internet users in the United States revealed that 65 percent of teens accessed Instagram on a daily basis. YouTube was ranked second with a 63 percent daily usage rate. Teens are also very aware of their constant connectivity – April 2018 survey data revealed that 27 percent of teens reported to checking their social media hourly, and a further 16 percent stated that they accessed social media even more often.
Overall, teenagers reported that they felt less lonely when using social media, while additionally in comparison 21 percent also reported to feeling more popular when using social media platforms. However, the usage of social media can not only have positive effects on teenagers: 70 percent of teenagers with low social-emotional well-being reported to have feeling left out or excluded when using social media, while in comparison only 29 percent of teenagers with high social-emotional well-being stated similarly.
Unfortunately, cyber bullying is also a big topic among U.S. teens. According to an April 2019 survey, 17.4 percent of U.S. middle and high school students had been bullied online in the past 30 days. The most common form of online bullying were mean and hurtful comments as well as online rumors. As of the latest survey period, more than a third of middle and high school students in the United States have ever been victim to cyber bullying. As of November 2018, 48 states had electronic harassment laws which explicitly included cyber bullying. A total of 45 states included school sanctions in their cyber bullying laws.