Display technology is commonly associated with an output device that presents information in visual form. Most displays are used in television sets (TVs), computer monitors and mobile phones/smartphones. In 2018, an estimated number of 1.67 billion households owned a television set worldwide. Other types of displays include: military displays, head-mounted displays, broadcast reference displays, public area displays and medical monitors.
The development in the design and manufacture of display systems first began with the invention of the Cathode-Ray-Tube (CRT) technology by Ferdinand Braun in 1897. The CRT technology was the dominant industry standard for display systems up until the late 20th century. New trends such as the growing demand for mobile electronics increased demand for displays that rival and surpass CRTs in picture quality, size, and power consumption. One of the most prominent technological developments in recent years was the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). In 2020 alone, around 193.6 million LCD TVs are expected to be sold worldwide, despite the negative economic impact brought about by the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Apart from the CRT and LCD, new technologies such as organic light emitting diodes (OLED), quantum dot display (QLED), plasma display panels (PDP), field emission displays (FED) as well as electronic papers, are gaining market ground. Sales of QLED TVs are projected to reach 8.3 million units in 2020.
LCD and OLED are also the major display technologies used for smartphone displays, with shipments of LTPS TFT LCD smartphone display reaching 145 million in the third quarter of 2019 alone. The high-end smartphone models, such as the iPhone 11 Pro, make use of OLED displays that offer better picture quality. OLED is also used to make flexible displays, and shipments for foldable smartphones are expected to reach 100 million by 2025.
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In the following 8 chapters, you will quickly find the 53 most important statistics relating to "Display technology".