Animal health is a primary concern among veterinarians, doctors and public health experts globally. Animals are a critical aspect of human health. The theory of One Health has gained popularity in recent years and aims to combine multiple health authorities in animal and human health sectors to combat the spread of communicable diseases between and among species. Common illness transmitted between species includes swine flu (H1N1), anthrax, and West Nile virus, to name a few. With more than 94.4 million cattle in the U.S. as of 2018, and more than 74 million pigs, and expectations that meat production will double by 2020, the risk of zoonotic diseases transmitting to humans could be high.
Other diseases are known to just affect animals only. Equine infectious anemia is one such virus. This particular virus causes high fever, anemia and weakness. Long-term effects of the disease in horses can result in sudden death and chronic fatigue. At this time, there have been no reported cases of equine infectious anemia in humans and the risk to human health is low. However, the impact to a heard of horses can be devastating as it requires lifelong quarantine of infected horses, should they survive. Over time the number of cases of equine infectious anemia have reduced significantly in the U.S.
Zoetis is a pharmaceutical company based in the U.S. The company develops, markets, and sells products related to 8 species of companion and food animals. Their products are currently available globally, though the United States remains their largest regional market . Currently they have products in the following sectors: vaccines, anti-infectives, parasiticides, medicated feed additives, diagnostics and other pharmaceuticals. Among animal species that Zoetis develops products for, livestock remains their largest sector.
Boehringer Ingelheim is the second top animal health company globally based on market share. They are a pharmaceutical company devoted to not only animal health, but human health products as well. Their animal health sector provides preventative medicine, pharmaceuticals, parasiticides and chronic disease management therapies, to name a few. As of 2018, their top animal health product was Nexgard, an oral flea and tick medication.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 27 most important statistics relating to "Animal health in the U.S.".