Other diseases are known to just affect animals only. Equine infectious anemia is one such virus. This particular virus causes high fever, anemia and weakness. Long-term effects of the disease in horses can result in sudden death and chronic fatigue. At this time, there have been no reported cases of equine infectious anemia in humans and the risk to human health is low. However, the impact to a heard of horses can be devastating as it requires lifelong quarantine of infected horses, should they survive. Over time the number of cases of equine infectious anemia have reduced significantly in the U.S.
There currently exists a stable and growing market to effectively deal with and respond to animal health threats. There are several big-name pharmaceutical companies that are targeting animal health through their products. As of 2017, Zoetis was the top-ranked animal health pharmaceutical company based on market share. The largest sector of the animal health market is the companion animal sector.
Zoetis is a pharmaceutical company based in the U.S. The company develops, markets, and sells products related to 8 species of companion and food animals. Their products are currently available globally, though the United States remains their largest regional market . Currently they have products in the following sectors: vaccines, anti-infectives, parasiticides, medicated feed additives, diagnostics and other pharmaceuticals. Among animal species that Zoetis develops products for, livestock remains their largest sector.
Boehringer Ingelheim is the second top animal health company globally based on market share. They are a pharmaceutical company devoted to not only animal health, but human health products as well. Their animal health sector provides preventative medicine, pharmaceuticals, parasiticides and chronic disease management therapies, to name a few. As of 2018, their top animal health product was Nexgard, an oral flea and tick medication.