Animal health is a primary concern among veterinarians, doctors, and public health experts around the world as the health of animals is closely connected to that of humans. This approach of interconnectedness between human health, animal health, and environmental health is known as One Health and has gained popularity in recent years. It aims to combine multiple health authorities in environmental, animal, and human health sectors to combat the spread of communicable diseases between and among species. Common illnesses transmitted between species include swine flu (H1N1), anthrax, and West Nile virus, to name a few. With around 93.6 million cattle in the U.S. as of 2021, and almost 74.8 million pigs, the danger of zoonotic diseases transmitting to humans remains a risk.
Equine infectious anemia
Other diseases are known to just affect animals only. Equine infectious anemia is one such virus. This particular virus causes high fever, anemia and weakness. Long-term effects of the disease in horses can result in sudden death and chronic fatigue. At this time, there have been no reported cases of equine infectious anemia in humans and the risk to human health is low. However, the impact to a herd of horses can be devastating as it requires lifelong quarantine of infected horses, should they survive. Over time the number of cases of equine infectious anemia have reduced significantly in the United States.
Boehringer Ingelheim is the second top animal health company globally based on market share. They are a pharmaceutical company devoted to not only animal health, but human health products as well. Their animal health sector provides preventative medicine, pharmaceuticals, parasiticides and chronic disease management therapies, to name a few. As of 2021, their top animal health product was Nexgard, an oral flea and tick medication.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 27 most important statistics relating to "Animal health in the U.S.".