During the 2017/2018 period, over 4.2 million metric tons of tree nuts were produced worldwide. Within the tree nut category, the almond production volume (kernel basis) was by far the highest in the 2018/2019 period: over 1.2 million metric tons of almonds were produced that year. Walnuts and cashews, which stood in second and third place respectively within the same measured period, each reached over 800 thousand metric tons.
During the 2018/2019 period, the leading country in terms of global walnut production was China, which produced an estimated 850 thousand metric tons of walnuts. The United States ranked second, producing just over 610 thousand metric tons that marketing year. China was also the largest producer of peanuts worldwide, with a global production share of roughly 40 percent in 2018. India produced about 14 percent of peanuts that year. Almost 60 percent of the world’s pistachios were cultivated in the United States in 2018/2019.
In 2018, the world’s leading exporter of edible nuts was by far the United States, which exported close to 1.3 million tons that year. Indonesia accounted for the second-largest edible nut export volume, which was over one million tons less than that of the United States. Other major nut exporters in 2018 included Turkey, Spain, and Australia. On the other hand, 2018’s leading importer of edible nuts was Germany, which imported over 2 billion U.S. dollars’ worth of nuts within the same year.
There are numerous health benefits associated with eating nuts. In 2018, about over 42.5 million metric tons of peanuts were consumed worldwide.