Women in politics in the Nordic countries - Statistics & Facts

Concerning gender equality, Scandinavia is often praised for leading the way towards greater equality between women and men in different fields. Historically, the Nordic countries consisting of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland, were indeed the vanguard of representing women in political institutions. To this day, most of the Nordics continue to dominate rankings on gender equality. As of 2020, Iceland, Norway, Finland and Sweden were leading the global gender gap index; an index which takes national gender gaps on political, economic, educational and health-based criteria into consideration.

While the Nordic countries generally perform well when measuring gender equality in politics, they differ on some interesting touchpoints. As of March 2020, four out of five prime ministers in the Nordic countries were women, and Sweden remained the only country which was never led by a woman. However, the country ranked second after Finland when it came to having the largest share of females in the parliament, while Iceland and Denmark reached less than 40 percent each.

Apart from not making the top-five on the global gender gap index, Denmark is falling behind on other important parameters. While Iceland previously reached close to 48 percent of females in parliament, Denmark is the only Nordic country which never made it above the critical 40 percent. With around 34 percent, the share of female candidates in parliamentary elections is furthermore remarkably lower than in other Nordic countries.

Hence, Denmark continues having a significant gender gap in politics. According to Danish politicians, the extent of harassment and threats are more common among women. In 2019, over 20 percent of the women have experienced sexual harassment online, and 20 percent stated that the latest harassment was related to their female gender.

When compared to other European countries, sexual harassment against women is not uncommon in Scandinavia. To the contrary, women in Sweden and Denmark actually experience some of the highest levels of unwanted sexual attention in Europe.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 24 most important statistics relating to "Women in politics in Nordic countries".

Women in politics in Scandinavia

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Important key figures

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Female candidates in Nordic parliamentary elections

Equality and inequality

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