Labor Day is this Monday in the United States
, marking the unofficial end of summer. The federal holiday was created 125 years ago when President Grover Cleveland signed a law establishing Labor Day.
At the municipal and state level, many believe that Peter J. McGuire helped organize early efforts to make Labor Day a holiday. McGuire was the general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and the co-founder of one of the major unions American Federation of Labor, which now is AFL-CIO. Some believe that Matthew Maguire, a member of the Central Labor Union, organized the first Labor Day celebrations. Either way, union leadership was one of the initial forces behind making Labor Day a federal holiday.
Over the past decade, approval of labor
unions has surged by about 16-17 percentage points across all parties, according to Gallup
. Democrats are still more likely to support unions, with approval standing at around 80 percent among self-identified party supporters. A little under half of Republicans now support unions, up from 29 percent of Republicans holding that position in 2009. Overall, unions enjoy a 64 percent approval rate among people in the United States.