Latin America: foreign debt as share of GDP 2018, by country

Argentina is the Latin American country with the highest foreign debt in relation to its gross domestic product (GDP). The total debt held by Argentina's central government to foreign creditors represented almost 42 percent of the country's GDP in 2018. El Salvador ranked second among the countries shown in this statistic, with an external debt equivalent to 33 percent of its GDP. In that same year, Argentina was also the country with the highest share of public debt in relation to its GDP in Latin America.

External debt as percentage of gross domestic product in Latin America in 2018, by country

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Release date

August 2019


Central and South America, Mexico

Survey time period


Special properties

Foreign debt held by the central governments

Supplementary notes

Data for Cuba, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela or Caribbean countries other than those shown in this graph was either outdated or unavailable.

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Statistics on "Public debt in Latin America"

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