Latin America: central government debt as share of GDP by country 2018

In 2018, Argentina was the Latin American country with the highest central government debt in relation to its gross domestic product (GDP). The volume of debt held by Argentina's central government represented 86 percent of the country's GDP in that year. Among the countries shown in this graph, Brazil had the second highest share, with 77.2 percent. The figure for Venezuela refers to 2016, the last year with available data.

Central government debt as percentage of GDP in Latin America in 2018, by country

Debt as share of GDP
Argentina86%
Brazil77.2%
Costa Rica52.9%
Colombia50.7%
Uruguay50.3%
Honduras48.7%
El Salvador47.6%
Ecuador42.6%
Panama39.3%
Dominican Republic38.8%
Nicaragua37.6%
Bolivia36%
Mexico35.4%
Haiti32.7%
Venezuela*31.1%
Chile25.6%
Guatemala24.7%
Peru22.2%
Paraguay16.7%
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Source

Release date

August 2019

Region

Central and South America, Mexico

Survey time period

2018

Special properties

Including internal and external debt

Supplementary notes

* Data refers to 2016.

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Statistics on "Public debt in Latin America"

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