This statistic represents the proportion of French Muslim women wearing a headscarf (whether it be the "hijab" or the "niqab") in 2019, by frequency. According to the source, 31 percent of Muslim women living in France in 2019 wore a headscarf. On the other hand, a majority (58 percent) declared that they had never worn one.
The different types of Islamic headwears
Islam recommends that its followers adopt modest behavior. Thus, women are invited to maintain their modesty by dressing in such a way as to preserve their privacy from the eyes of men, particularly by wearing a veil to cover their hair. However, according to the Quran, wearing a headscarf is not mandatory for Muslim women, who remain free to wear them or not.
There are several types of veils with different levels of coverage.
While it initially designates all types of veil, the "hijab" is now mainly used to refer to a scarf that covers the head and hair, but not the face.
Uncommon in France, the “niqab” masks the entire face apart from the eyes and is often worn with a black garment covering the entire body, including the hands.
The “burqa” is a garment, often blue, mainly worn in Afghanistan, which covers the entire woman's body leaving an opening for the eyes, which are protected by a sheer layer. Its use was imposed by the Taliban in the late 1990s.
Other veils exist among different Muslim communities of the world, like the "chador", mostly worn in Iran.
In France, as in other European countries, full-face veils (notably the "niqab" and the "burqa") are prohibited, although very minor.
Wearing a headscarf in Western societies
The way Muslim women dress is often a matter of tension and discussion. After the controversy around the burkini in 2016, the issue of wearing the veil in certain French public places was raised again in 2019 during a school trip to a Regional Council, when a chaperone of the group was asked by an elected representative to take off her "hijab". Some people sometimes tend to confuse the use of Islamic headwear with extremist religious movements. In general, the French are rather opposed to women wearing the veil in public places.
Percentage of Muslim women wearing the niqab, hijab or any other veil in France in 2019, by frequency
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IFOP, & Le Point, & Fondation Jean-Jaurès. (September 23, 2019). Percentage of Muslim women wearing the niqab, hijab or any other veil in France in 2019, by frequency [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved January 21, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1058154/women-wearing-hijab-france/
IFOP, und Le Point, und Fondation Jean-Jaurès. "Percentage of Muslim women wearing the niqab, hijab or any other veil in France in 2019, by frequency." Chart. September 23, 2019. Statista. Accessed January 21, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1058154/women-wearing-hijab-france/
IFOP, Le Point, Fondation Jean-Jaurès. (2019). Percentage of Muslim women wearing the niqab, hijab or any other veil in France in 2019, by frequency. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: January 21, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1058154/women-wearing-hijab-france/
IFOP, and Le Point, and Fondation Jean-Jaurès. "Percentage of Muslim Women Wearing The Niqab, Hijab or Any Other Veil in France in 2019, by Frequency." Statista, Statista Inc., 23 Sep 2019, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1058154/women-wearing-hijab-france/
IFOP & Le Point & Fondation Jean-Jaurès, Percentage of Muslim women wearing the niqab, hijab or any other veil in France in 2019, by frequency Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1058154/women-wearing-hijab-france/ (last visited January 21, 2022)