CET1 ratio of largest U.S. banks 2019

In the fourth quarter of 2019, JPMorgan Chase was the largest bank in the United States by assets and had a common equity tier 1 (CET1) capital ratio of 12.39 percent, which was above the required level of 4.5 percent. However, the sixth largest bank, Morgan Stanley, had the highest CET1 ratio at 16.43 percent.

This requirement is mandated under Basel III, which is an internationally agreed upon set of measures created by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision to ensure stability in the global banking sector. All banks and other financial institutions must set aside enough capital to cover unexpected losses and remain solvent in a crisis. They should hold enough capital to equal at least eight percent of risk-weighted assets and the highest quality capital - common equity tier 1 - should make up at least 4.5 percent of risk-weighted assets. These measures were developed in response to the financial crisis of 2007-2009. JPMorgan Chase had the highest level of tier 1 capital among all banks in the United States in 2019.

Common equity tier 1 capital (CET1) ratio of selected large financial institutions in the United States as of Q4 2019

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Release date

April 2020


United States

Survey time period

Q4 2019

Supplementary notes

The banks shown were the largest U.S. banks by assets in 2019. Their assets ranged from 2.69 trillion U.S. dollars (JPMorgan Chase) to 198.3 billion U.S. dollars (American Express Company)

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