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U.S. energy consumption from selected sources 2000-2019

Petroleum is the most used fuel source in the United States, with a consumption level of 36.72 quadrillion British thermal units in 2019. Natural gas is the second-most common fuel source, with consumption levels rising closer to that of petroleum over recent years.

Petroleum use post-financial crisis

Petroleum in the United States is primarily used for fueling the transportation sector, generating heat and electricity, as well as in the production of plastics. U.S. consumption of petroleum was at its highest before the 2008 global financial crisis, when the price of crude oil also peaked. Petroleum consumption began to increase again in 2010, following a drop in oil prices the year before. In recent years, consumption has grown steadily, but has not reached pre-Recession levels.

The rise of natural gas

While petroleum consumption has been lower in the last decade than in the early 2000s, the use of natural gas has risen significantly. Natural gas consumption in the United States is at a record high, in part due to lower costs and its growing popularity. The U.S. currently produces more natural gas than any country in the world, followed closely by Russia.

U.S. energy consumption from coal, nuclear sources, natural gas and petroleum, between 2000 and 2019

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Release date

March 2020


United States

Survey time period

2000 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels.
** Includes coal coke net imports.
Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

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Statistics on "Global energy consumption"

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