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Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

The coronavirus (COVID-19) disease continues to spread around the world, with almost 98.1 million cases and over 2.1 million deaths as of January 22, 2021. In the United States, the number of infections has risen dramatically since the first week of March, and the U.S. now has more confirmed cases and deaths than any other country worldwide. All 50 states have been affected, with New York reporting the highest number of deaths and California and Texas with the highest number of cases in the United States.

Statistic: Total number of cases and deaths from coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United States as of April 21, 2020* | Statista

Government response

As of January 21, 2021 over 24.3 million cases of COVID-19 had been reported in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Testing for the virus ran into some early problems when initial diagnostic kits from the CDC were found to be defective. However, the United States has since performed almost 286 million tests, which is the most of any country. In response to the rising number of COVID-19 cases, many states encouraged self-isolation and working from home. At the end of March it was estimated that over 90 percent of the U.S. population was under some kind of stay-at-home order. To further prevent the spread of the virus, most states also closed bars and restaurants, canceled public events, and banned large gatherings.

At the end of May, many states began lifting lockdown restrictions and reopening in order to revive their economies, despite warnings that it was still too early. As a result, the number of new daily cases began to rise again in July and by December 2020 the United States was reporting the highest number of new daily COVID-19 cases within the country since the pandemic started. The government’s response to the pandemic has been criticized since cases first started appearing in the U.S., with many pointing to contradictory statements from the White House regarding the severity of the outbreak and a general lack of leadership and guidance. A Statista survey that ran from March 23 to May 31 found that U.S. adults were consistently less satisfied with their government’s response to COVID-19 than their counterparts in Germany and the United Kingdom. The first COVID-19 vaccines are now being administered in the United States, however misinformation and conspiracy theories continue to pervade the general public with a shocking 25 percent of respondents in a survey from October 2020 stating they would not get a COVID-19 vaccine if it became available. As of January 22, 2021, around 38 million COVID-19 vaccine doses had been distributed across the United States, with almost 18.5 million people in the U.S. already vaccinated.

Deaths and the situation in New York

Over 420 thousand people had died from COVID-19 in the United States as of January 22, 2021. This means that in less than a year COVID-19 has killed more people in the United States than influenza, strokes, suicides, and car crashes do in a typical year, combined. The disease is far worse than many first thought: a survey from March 11 found that around 90 percent of U.S. adults believed that fewer than 10,000 Americans would die from the disease over the next year. On March 31, the White House’s coronavirus task force stated that between 100,000 and 200,000 Americans could die. The elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions are more vulnerable to the illness, and the older U.S. adults get, the more they regard the coronavirus as a serious health risk in the United States.

Statistic: Cumulative number of deaths related to COVID-19 in New York State from March 15 to April 19, 2020, by day | Statista The level of COVID-19 activity has differed from state to state, but New York has been one of the hardest hit, with over 1.2 million positive cases as of January 16, 2021. New York currently has the second highest death rate from COVID-19, behind New Jersey. New York City alone has reported around 18,200 deaths from the disease.

Economic impact

As countries fight to flatten the coronavirus curve, some focus has shifted to the pandemic’s impact on the global economy. In the United States, around 88 percent of adults think COVID-19 is a major threat to the domestic economy, while 49 percent feel it is a threat to their personal financial situation. In response to the impact on the U.S. economy, the United States government passed a two trillion U.S. dollar relief bill, which is the largest economic stimulus package in U.S. history. The pandemic has already affected many industries – from retail to sports – but its long-term impact on the domestic and global economies is difficult to predict, with repercussions expected to be felt around the world for many more months.

For further information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, please visit our dedicated Facts and Figures page.

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