Annual average WTI and Brent crude oil spot prices from 1990 to 2016 (U.S. dollars per barrel)

Loading statistic...
West Texas IntermediateEurope Brent

© Statista 2017

Download Settings Share
Chart type
Share on Social Media
HTML code to embed chart as PNG (FAQ)
Description Source More information
This graph displays the spot price for West Texas Intermediate and Brent crudes between 1990 and 2016. In 2016, the average spot price for West Texas Intermediate crude oil came to just under 43.14 U.S. dollars per barrel. Brent is a sweet light crude that often used in the manufacture of gasoline. Consequently, Brent is a crucial contributor to gasoline prices. Gas prices in Europe, particularly Norway, are counted among the highest worldwide.
Crude oil spot prices

The world’s growing thirst for oil is likely to create disequilibrium between crude supply and demand, thus triggering price fluctuations at stock exchanges around the globe. Over the last five years, consumption in the United States has increased from 19.2 million barrels per day to 19,396 million barrels per day in 2015. Driven by global economic growth, West Texas Intermediate crude reached annual average price levels near 100 U.S. dollars per barrel for the first time in 2008, when worldwide oil consumption exceeded production by over three million barrels daily. Although the difference can be accounted for by the production of biofuels and oil from unconventional sources, these figures show why adjustment measurements are required to balance supply and demand in the international crude oil market.

Economic theory has it that prices are a key element to adjust supply and demand, but political frameworks appear to be the crucial factor in this case. The WTI price trend will likely be affected by the quality of pipeline infrastructure between the U.S. Gulf and the nation’s oil-trading hub at Cushing, as well as political trends in other oil producing regions. With U.S. shale gas production on the rise, and with Russia accounting for approximately 12 percent of the world’s oil production volume, oil prices may just continue their rollercoaster ride through the next few years. At an estimated 30.32 U.S. dollars in February 2016, one barrel of WTI crude fell to the lowest level since 2011. In March 2017, the price for a barrel of Brent stood at around 49.33 U.S. dollars, while the price for the OPEC basket grades stood at a little over 50.32 U.S. dollars.
Show more
Release date
May 2017
Survey time period
1990 to 2016
Method of interview
Online survey
Supplementary notes
Figures from 2014 to 2016 are based on the mean value derived from the year's monthly values.
The values for 1990 through 2014 are taken from previous reports.
All prices are "Free On Board" (FOB) prices originating from Cushing, Oklahoma and the North Sea region, respectively.

According to the EIA, FOB denotes a transaction whereby the seller makes the product available with an agreement on a given port at a given price; it is the responsibility of the buyer to arrange for the transportation and insurance.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $588 / Year

Statistics on "Energy prices worldwide"

  • General overview
  • Oil
  • Natural gas
  • Electricity and coal

Related Studies: Available to Download in PDF or PPTX Format

Energy consumption in the United States

All Information
in one Presentation

Energy consumption in the United States

Everything On "Energy consumption in the United States" in One Document: Edited and Divided into Handy Chapters. Including Detailed References.

Statista for Your Company: The Research and Analysis Tool

  • Product Film
  • Statistics
  • Downloads

Our Premium Statistics - facts for your business

Currently, Statista provides more than 1 million statistics.
93 percent (all Premium content) are exclusively accessible via our professional accounts.

Unlimited access

As a Statista Premium customer, you receive unlimited access to all statistics at all times. Including downloads of data in the most common formats (XLS, PDF & PNG). Create relevant and significant statistics in no time.

You are in good company

Further Content: Statistics, Studies, and Topic Pages

Our Business Solutions: Save Time and Money



per year
Your advantages
  • Full access to all our statistics
  • Download as XLS, PDF & PNG
  • Relevant data: complete source information
All functions of our platform illustrated face-to-face
  • Learn how Statista supports your company
  • Extensive tour across the whole portal
  • Personal guidance by our support team
The knowledge database for your company
  • All functions of the Premium Account
  • Access to dossiers, forecasts and studies
  • Access to our international database
  • Publishing rights and other exclusive functions