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Annual exchange rate of USD to EUR 2003-2019

In 2019, the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar to the euro was 0.89, meaning that one U.S. dollar would buy 89 euro cents at that time. This was down from the 2016 peak of 0.95 euros per dollar, but still above the price before the Eurozone Crisis, which has started in 2009 and was caused by difficulties of several European countries with repaying government debt.

What does the exchange rate mean?

At any single point in time, an exchange rate is simply a measure of the value of one currency in terms of another. However, when the exchange rate shifts, one currency gets “stronger” and the other “weaker”. This is particularly important in international trade. A strong currency makes imports cheaper, so one could expect the trade balance of a country with a strong currency to decrease. In such a way, a strong currency would hurt a country with a high trade surplus.

Exchange rate investments

There is a financial market built around currency fluctuations. The foreign exchange market, or forex market, has a daily turnover of trillions of dollars. This market is critical for international trade, but many investors simply use it to speculate.

Annual exchange rate of the U.S. dollar to Euro from 2003 to 2019

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Release date

January 2020



Survey time period

2003 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Year-end prices.

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Statistics on "Global currencies"

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