Steel producers worldwide based on production volume 2019

In 2019, Luxembourg’s ArcelorMittal was ranked as the world’s largest steel producer. ArcelorMittal produced around 97 million metric tons of crude steel that year.

The importance of steel

Not only is steel one of the most common metal alloys, but it is also one of the most extensively applied materials, particularly in shipbuilding and car manufacturing, as well as building construction and infrastructure development. In an effort to save cost and make the energy-thirsty steel industry more environmentally benign, steel scrap is collected from waste streams, wrecked automobiles, dismantled buildings or other industrial sources and is melted into new products. Steel has one of the highest recycling rates among metals.

Difficult times

Beginning in 2009, the steel industry has been experiencing challenging years including the upheaval in the U.S. financial markets, slowing construction spending in China in tandem with a glut of Chinese steel, political instability in Russia and Ukraine, growing trade tensions between the United States and trade partners, as well as the eurozone sovereign debt crisis. It is expected that 2020 will see a decline in global production as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The world's largest crude steel producers in 2019, by production volume

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* China Baowu Group includes tonnage of Maanshan Steel and Chongqing Steel; Nippon Steel: tonnage includes Nippon Steel Nisshin Co. Ltd., Nippon Steel Stainless Steel Corporation, Ovako Group, and Sanyo Special Steel; HBIS Group: tonnage includes Serbia Iron & Steel d.o.o. Beograd and MAKSTIL A.D. in Macedonia; TATA: tonnage includes Bhushan Steel Ltd. and NatSteel Holding Pte. Ltd.

According to the source, 100 percent of a subsidiary’s tonnage is included wherever ownership exceeds the 50 percent mark. In cases of 30-50 percent ownership, pro-rata tonnage is included.

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Statistics on "Steel industry in China"

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