Steel producers worldwide based on production volume 2018

In 2018, Luxembourg’s ArcelorMittal was ranked as the world’s largest steel producer. ArcelorMittal produced around 96 million metric tons worth of crude steel that year.

The importance of steel

Not only is steel one of the most common metal alloys, but it is also one of the most extensively applied materials, particularly in shipbuilding and car manufacturing, as well as building construction and infrastructure development. In an effort to save cost and make the energy-thirsty steel industry more environmentally benign, steel scrap is collected from waste streams, wrecked automobiles, dismantled buildings or other industrial sources and is melted into new products. Steel has one of the highest recycling rates among metals.

Difficult times

Beginning in 2009, the steel industry has been experiencing challenging years including the upheaval in the U.S. financial markets, slowing construction spending in China in tandem with a glut of Chinese steel, political instability in Russia and Ukraine, growing trade tensions between the United States and trade partners, as well as the eurozone sovereign debt crisis. It is expected that 2021 will see moderate recovery in worldwide steel demand.

The world's largest crude steel producers in 2018, by production volume

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Source

Release date

June 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2018

Supplementary notes

* Nippon Steel: tonnage includes Nippon Steel Nisshin Co. Ltd., Nippon Steel Stainless Steel Corporation, Ovako Group, and part of USIMINAS; HBIS Group: tonnage includes Serbia Iron & Steel d.o.o. Beograd and MAKSTIL A.D. in Macedonia; TATA: tonnage includes Bhushan Steel Ltd. and NatSteel Holding Pte. Ltd.

According to the source, 100 percent of a subsidiary’s tonnage is included wherever ownership exceeds the 50 percent mark. In cases of 30-50 percent ownership, pro-rata tonnage is included.

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