As one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world, India boasts of a rich variety of ecosystems and geographic landscapes. By area, India ranks as the seventh largest country in the world and occupies 2.4 percent of the world’s land area. However, it contains over seven percent of all recorded species of plants and animals- many, uniquely endemic to this subcontinental country. India’s diverse geography and climactic conditions have resulted in a variety of ecosystems such as hot and cold deserts, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, grasslands, swamplands, mangroves and plains to name a few. No wonder then, that the country has four of the 34 globally recognized biodiversity hotspots.
Such temperature fluctuations have led to loss of human lives and damage to agricultural crops. This also affects the rich endemic biodiversity and can cause irreversible damage to the environment. Mass deforestation, unchecked hunting and poaching, industrialization and pollution are just some of the factors that have led many flora and fauna in the country to be on the brink of extinction today. As of 2018, India had approximately 93 mammal species under threat of extinction. Even then, various environmental organizations along with government initiatives have been helping to further the efforts in conserving India’s rich biodiversity.
One of the examples that can be cited in this regard is the work of Project Tiger, a conservation program aimed at protecting India’s national animal, the Bengal Tiger. From an estimated population of over a hundred thousand tigers roaming the Indian jungles in the early nineteenth century, the tiger population had dropped to just over 1,800 by the 1970s. This alarming figure resulted in one of the first and till date, the most successful conservation programs. As of 2014, there were around 2,226 tigers in India and many other environmentalist movements have been underway to revive indigenous species of plants and animals.
This text provides general information. Statista assumes no
liability for the information given being complete or correct.
Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date
data than referenced in the text.
In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 21 most important statistics relating to "Environment of India".