Considering the prison population and operational capacity of Italian prisons as of 2018, the number of prisoners is by far higher than the useable capacity, exceeding it by almost nine thousand detainees. The crime registering the highest number of convicted in 2018 was property crime, followed by crimes against the person. In 2017, the number of prisoners that died in jail due to suicides, health care dysfunctions, overdoses and other unclear causes amounted to 123 cases.
In terms of violent crimes, the highest number of voluntary manslaughters in 2017/2018 were committed by a family member or by the partner. Also concerning cases of rape or attempted rape, the victims usually know the person carrying out the assault: in 66.2 percent of cases in 2014, the victims knew their aggressor.
In 2017, over 25.8 thousand anti-drug operations took place in Italy, with almost 114.6 tons of various drugs seized. Herbal cannabis was found to be the drug with the highest amount of seizures, followed by cannabis resin. In 2017, the number of people reported for drug law violations amounted to roughly 35 thousand individuals, of which 2.4 thousand were females.
Well known around the world, organized crime cannot be left out when sketching the crime situation in Italy. Five major active mafia-like organizations are known to exist in Italy: the Cosa Nostra (or the Sicilian Mafia) of Sicily, 'Ndrangheta of Calabria, Camorra of Naples, Stidda of Sicily and Sacra Corona Unita of Apulia. In 2016, the number of Mafia-type associations amounted to 81. Between August 2017 and July 2018 over 1,600 Mafiosi were put under arrest, and in the first six months of 2017 the Italian police confiscated assets worth roughly 30 million euros from the 'Ndrangheta.