In terms of violent crimes, the number of homicides in Italy also experienced a drop. Between 2011 and 2020, homicides decreased from 555 to 278. Particularly, the absolute number of femicides fell in the last years. The largest amount of cases was registered in 2000 with 199 homicides and in 2003 with 200. However, relative data show that in relation to the total number of homicides, the share of female victims increased. Data on the total number of voluntary manslaughters committed in Italy – including both male and female victims – show that in most of cases, the killer was a family member or the partner of the victim.
Well known around the world, organized crime cannot be left out when sketching the crime situation in Italy. Five major active mafia-like organizations are known to exist in Italy: the Cosa Nostra (or the Sicilian Mafia) of Sicily, 'Ndrangheta of Calabria, Camorra of Naples, Stidda of Sicily and Sacra Corona Unita of Apulia. In 2018, the number of Mafia-type associations in Italy amounted to 93. Between 2004 and 2018, this figure decreased, reaching its peak in 2005 at 153 known organizations. In 2018, the largest number of mafia crimes took place in the Italian region of Calabria, where 896 criminal reports were recorded in that year. Three southern Italian regions followed in the ranking: Sicily, Campania, and Apulia. Nevertheless, compared to the 1980s, the share of homicides related to mafia in Italy decreased. Since 1991, a special investigation body, Anti-Mafia Investigation Directorate Direzione Investigativa Antimafia or DIA) operates in Italy in the fight against the mafia.