Current forms of computer-oriented crimes in Japan include internet auction frauds, illegal or harmful content, unauthorized computer access or malware, defamation and slander, illegal business practices or spam mails. The consumer loss caused by cyber threats in Japan in 2017 was estimated to reach to 2.1 billion U.S. dollar.
Other forms of cyberspace-related crimes include cyber bullying. By exploiting the accessibility and anonymity of the internet, victims are harassed and bullied in a worldwide connected space, in which countermeasures are not fast enough to contain the threats. A 2018 survey revealed that less than 60 percent of Japanese have experienced or heard of cyberbullying, showing a lack of awareness of this type of online threat.
In its efforts to counterattack cyber-attacks, the NPA established a framework including almost 8,000 organizations and business operators with cutting-edge technologies all over the country to share information on cyber-crime. Furthermore, over 90 percent of businesses reported to have implemented information security measures to counter threats on the internet, with the majority of reporting enterprises claiming to have installed anti-virus programs on computers and other devices.
Due to increasing threats in cyberspace, information security tools become a necessity not only for businesses, but also consumers accessing the internet through personal devices. The information security tool market was estimated to grow to around 556 billion Japanese yen in 2018. With the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games ahead, it can be expected that security tool sales are going to rise even further.