Big-box buildings refers to large industrial buildings used for distribution. In North America as a whole, there were over four thousand big-box distribution centers in 2018 with a vacancy rate of around seven percent, and existing space amounting to about two trillion square feet. The annual taking rent per square foot of big-box distribution space in North America stood at 4.79 U.S. dollars in 2018.
Inland Empire was by far the leading market for warehouse space under construction in the U.S. logistics sector in 2017. The southern Californian metropolitan area topped the list top with over 24.4 million square feet of warehouse space under construction as of the first quarter of 2017. Eastern Pennsylvania/Southern New Jersey was the second largest big-box market in North America and had almost 500 big-box buildings in 2018.
The Greater Toronto Area is home to the third largest big-box market in North America. The number of big-box buildings in Toronto reached 615 in 2018.