Gender violence comes in many forms, such as verbal, physical, and psychological. While they are strongly connected to each other, the latter is the most controversial form of violence and the least contextualized. Among some experts, a form of psychological violence is the discrimination of women due to the expectations related to their role in society and in the family. Data taking into account equalities in economic participation, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment place Italy in one of the last positions among EU countries. Women in Italy still have a low participation rate in the economic sector, clearly shown by the low employment figures and the high economic inactivity rates. Although this is a global issue, Italian society views women above all in the role of mother and main housekeeper. For such a large and advanced economy, this view is quite antiquated.
November 25th is the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. The day before, in 2020, one of the main Italian TV broadcasters showed a tutorial addressed to women on how to learn to be sexy while going for groceries. The TV program was hosted by an Italian actress, singer, and TV presenter. After arising discussions and outrage, the program has been suspended for the next episodes. The show was accused of presenting strong gender role stereotypes, and of disrespecting female dignity. This event happened in Italy in a quite difficult time for gender equality in the country. In the last month, the role of female victims of rape has been widely discussed. Some public figures's statements on the woman's behavior put the blame on the victim. Another woman, a victim of revenge porn, was removed from her position as a teacher due to videos spread widely by her previous partner. Many political and public figures expressed their concern about this dangerous mentality. Nevertheless, the decision to fire a victim of revenge porn is a sign of a society in which sex, mostly for a woman, is still a taboo.