Population density by region in France in 2020

The population density in France is unevenly distributed. The country, which enjoys a great variety of regions and landscapes, is becoming more and more urbanized and big cities concentrate economic activities.

Ile-de-France: most densely populated French region

In 2020, Ile-de-France was the French region with the highest population density. According to the source, there were 1,022 residents per square kilometer in Ile-de-France. In 2019, more than 12.2 million people lived in this region which contains the city of Paris and its greater suburbs. On the other hand, Corsica, was the least densely populated region in metropolitan France. However, it is Guyanne, the largest overseas department, which has the lowest density in France with only three inhabitants per square kilometre. Largely covered by the Amazon jungle, this French territory is almost entirely populated along the coasts. The overall population density in metropolitan France reached 119 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2020, compared to 116.91 in 2007. Ile-de-France, and particularly Paris, is the center of most of economic, political, and social activities in France. For instance, the ten most visited national French museums and galleries in 2017 were all located in Paris. In 2014, Ile-de-France was the French region which had the highest expenditure on Research and Development (19 billion euros).

Regions in France

Hauts-de-France, in the northern part of the country, and Provence-Alpes Côte d’Azur in the southeastern part, were the second and the third most densely populated regions in France. The French southeastern coast is known for being highly urbanized, while its living conditions (sun, Mediterranean sea…) make it one of the most attractive region to work and live in France. Hauts-de-France, which used to be one of the leading industrial regions of the country, now benefits from its geographical proximity to the heart of Europe: Brussels. Furthermore, rural regions like Centre-Val de Loire or Bourgogne Franche-Comté are less populous, and the share of the rural population in France is decreasing for years now.

Population density in France in 2020, by region

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period

January 1st, 2020

Special properties

Metropolitan France an oversee territories

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Statistics on "Demography in France"

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