Personal computers (PCs) are small, multi-purpose devices, intended for use by individuals. Before the development of the PC, computers were significantly larger and intended for use by large organizations. The term PC was first applied as early as 1972 to the Xerox PARC's Alto, but this later developed to specifically mean a desktop microcomputer compatible with IBM's PC products. Such was the influence of IBM that only Apple Macintosh (Mac) products were able to compete for a share of the microcomputer market after the 1980s, without compatibility with the IBM PC.
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