Sex ratio in China 1953-2018

In 2018, the sex ratio of the total population in China ranged at approximately 104.6 males to 100 females. This is the least skewed sex ratio of China’s total population since 1953. Like most other sexual species, the sex ratio in humans tends to be one to one. But due to factors like sex selective abortions and different life expectancy between men and women, the sex ratio varies in different age groups.

Gender imbalance in China

China belongs to the countries with a very imbalanced sex ratio at birth. In 2018, the sex ratio in the population aging from 0 to 4 years old ranged at nearly 114 males to 100 females. The high gender inequality can be attributed to the traditional preference for male children in the Chinese society. Although gender identification before birth is not legally allowed in China, selective abortions due to gender preference still exist in many regions of China.

The importance of gender equality

Gender imbalance can lead to many social problems, like the difficulty of finding a partner. Additionally, a country might also get economic benefits from its gender equality. According to the Global Gender Gap Report which was conducted by the World Economic Forum in 2017, there could be a 2.5 trillion U.S. dollar increase in China’s GDP if the gender gap could be closed. As China’s one-child-policy was officially ended in 2015, the problem of selective abortion due to gender preference is also expected to be alleviated.

Sex ratio in China from 1953 to 2018

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Release date

October 2019



Survey time period

1953 to 2018

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