Population growth in China – additional information
Due to strict birth control measures by the Chinese government as well as changing family and work situations of the Chinese people, population growth has virtually subsided over the past decade. With an annual population growth of below 0.5 percent, China’s population growth ranks among the lowest worldwide. As of 2014, leading countries in population growth could almost exclusively be found on the Arabian Peninsula and the African continent. Nevertheless as of mid 2012, Asia ranked first among the other continents in terms of absolute population.
According to the latest IMF forecasts, China’s population will only change gradually until 2019. Still, when examining the absolute number of births in China, one can see that total population grew by roughly 16 million people in 2012, which is almost a quarter of Germany’s total population in that particular year. Mainly owing to its growth explosion following the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese people ranked as the world’s largest population as of mid 2012, followed closely by India.
Apart from the quasi-stagnation in population growth, a clear growth trend in Chinese cities is visible. By 2012, more than 52 percent of Chinese people lived in urban areas, compared to less than 40 percent a decade before. Also, the median age of the population has risen substantially over the past 50 years and is forecast to reach approximately 46 years by 2050, indicating a strong imbalance in the age distribution of China.