Natural gas consumption in the EU in cubic meters 1998-2019

The consumption of natural gas in the European Union has fluctuated slightly since 1998. It increased to a peak of 521 billion cubic meters in 2010, but by 2014 had fallen to a low of 401.7. However, in 2019 this figure amounted to 469.6 billion cubic meters. From 2010 to 2019, natural gas consumption in the EU was only lower than oil consumption, despite the overall decrease.

Production of natural gas in decline

Although the consumption of natural gas is expected to increase across the region, production in the EU has fallen significantly over the past two decades. In 1998, production amounted to 233.5 billion cubic meters, but by 2019 had fallen by approximately half.

EU reliant on Russian exports

  With the production of natural gas in decline, the EU is expected to become more reliant on international imports. Overall, there was a 1.2 percent increase of imports in 2018 when compared to 2017. Currently, the main exporter of gas to the EU is Russia, who in 2017 exported 39 percent of all imports. Plans for a 746-mile gas pipeline from Russia to Germany in the Baltic Sea are set to go ahead. The Nord Stream 2 project has received critics from the US and EU over fears it will increase Europe’s reliance on gas imports from Russia.

Natural gas consumption in the European Union from 1998 to 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

1998 to 2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, these data represent standard cubic meters (measured at 15°C and 1,013 mbar) where possible. Since the figures were derived directly from tons of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Figures not in the PDF were taken from the BP Statistical Review of World Energy data workbook.

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