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Energy in Egypt - statistics & facts

Egypt is among the largest energy producers and suppliers in Africa. In fact, it is one of the most populated countries on the African continent, which lead to its energy needs increasing. Moreover, the whole Egyptian population had access to a reliable energy sources since 2015. In more recent years, due to energy blackouts, the government set a plan to diversify and invest more in the sector. The ancient country is the largest consumer of petroleum, other liquids and natural gas on the African continent, at around 18.3 percent and 37.6 percent of total consumption, respectively.

Production and consumption

Since 2005, primary energy production in Egypt was usually higher than consumption. Indeed, Egypt produced 4.05 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) of primary energy in 2019, which was slightly higher than the primary energy consumed the same year, which amounted to 4.02 quadrillion Btu. Between 2005 and 2016, energy production in the country followed an inverted U-shape. However, since 2017, power generation has been on the rise again. In contrast, energy consumption increased, peaking in 2018. Fossil fuels are the main energy source in the country. Natural gas was followed by petroleum products, which accounted for over 96 percent of the total energy produced. This can be linked to it being the most abundant energy source in the nation. Moreover, a minor share of energy consumption was via coal, although it was not present in energy production.

Renewable energy is the future

Globally, more countries are trying to shift to renewable sources of energy, the same applies to states in the Middle East and North Africa region. In fact, Egypt ranks second in the region behind Saudi Arabia, with a projection that by 2035 the capacity would be roughly 54 gigawatts with a target of 42 percent of the energy capacity being through sustainable energy sources. Lately, renewable energy capacity in the North African country is on the rise, peaking in 2019 at approximately 6226 megawatts. The prime contributor is hydropower energy, with roughly 45.5 percent of sustainable energy capacity, which can be connected to the Nile passing through the country. Solar and wind energy followed with close to 26.9 percent and 26.3 percent of the total capacity, respectively.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 28 most important statistics relating to "Energy in Egypt".


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