U.S. General Motors employees - by type 2019

General Motors employed some 48,000 salaried workers in the United States in 2019. Overall, the company's headcount has dropped by roughly 7,000 people since 2018. GM's worldwide employees in 2019 stood at roughly 164,000.

Michigan, autos, and employment

Michigan is home to traditional U.S. automakers such as Ford and General Motors. These two have the largest headcount of all companies based in Michigan. More than 40,000 workers in Michigan are employed in the automotive industry, tying the socio-economic well-being of the political entity strongly to the state of the automotive industry. As American motor companies restructured in the 1960s and 1970s to match global competition, unemployment rose sharply, particularly in “Motor City” Detroit, leading to insufficient tax revenue, abandoned houses, and increased crime rates. The population of Detroit fell from over 1.8 million inhabitants in 1950 to 672,700 in 2018. General Motors is expected to close several major North American facilities in 2019, including a major Detroit plant. However, research and development expenditure indicates that the company looks towards electrification and automation of vehicles, suggesting that battery production facilities may spark reemployment.

Number of U.S. General Motors employees from FY 2014 to FY 2019, by type

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Release date

February 2020


United States

Survey time period

FY 2014 to FY 2019

Supplementary notes

As of December 31.
The figures for 2014 through 2018 were taken from previous editions.

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