The coronaviruses are specific types of viruses which affect the respiratory tract. They cause several illnesses, ranging from colds and pneumonia to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The outbreak of COVID-19, as the new coronavirus discovered was named, started in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization officially declared the novel coronavirus a pandemic, when the virus reached more than a hundred countries, causing over four thousand deaths. Today, there are over 240 million registered cases of COVID-19 worldwide and almost five million deaths.
Demographics of the patients
In Italy, the first two cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) were registered at the end of January 2020. Then, since February 22, the virus started to spread quickly among the Italian population. As of October 14, 2021, Italy recorded 4.7 million cases of coronavirus (COVID-19), representing one of the most affected countries worldwide. Currently, the regions with the highest number of cases are Lombardy, and Veneto, located in the north of the country, followed by Campania, in the south. Demographic data on the infected patients show that COVID-19 in Italy has hit every age group uniformly. However, the mortality rate appears to be much higher for elderly patients. Nationwide, 4.5 million people recovered from coronavirus or were discharged from hospitals as of October 14, 2021.
Impact on the Italian economy
The outbreak of the pandemic has caused recession and severe economic downturns in several countries. Among the consequences of the economic crisis, nations might experience an increase in unemployment rates and government debt, stock market crash, food insecurity, collapse of some industries, and other. In Italy, the gross domestic product decreased significantly. Since the outbreak of coronavirus, different estimates on the GDP growth based on various scenarios and methodologies have been released. According to the official data, published in May 2021, the Italian GDP decreased by 8.9 percent by the end of 2020. Nevertheless, the impact of coronavirus on the Italian economy might vary according to the industry. During the months of strict measures and rules, some sectors have seen their consumption volume slightly increasing, such as those of food, media, and electricity. On the other hand, many sectors experienced a massive drop in consumption, with contraction by over 80 percent. Hotels, gastronomy, leisure activities as well as transportation are among the sectors which recorded the largest losses during 2020.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 34 most important statistics relating to "Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Italy".