Life expectancy in China 2018

In the world's most populous country, the life expectancy had been slowly rising, one of the social phenomenons in China which are benefited from the significant economic growth. In 2018, the average life expectancy at birth in the country had reached about 76.7 years.

Demographic development in China

Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years a group of people born in the same year would live, assuming constant mortality rates. The country with the highest life expectancy at birth was Japan, while China had reached a life expectancy above global average. People who were born in Japan in 2009 had a life expectancy of approximately 82.9 years on average.

Whereas average life expectancy at birth has been growing steadily, birth rates in China have been experiencing a slowdown. In 2018, about 10.9 babies had been born per 1,000 women in China, the lowest point in the recent decade. As a result of low fertility rates and the extended life expectancy in China, share of elderly people had been rising rapidly. The number of Chinese population aged 60 and older had more than doubled over the past three decades and is projected to reach its peak at 485.49 million in 2050. People aged 60 and older have been estimated to account for approximately one fourth of China’s total population by 2030, indicating a sharp climb from just above twelve percent in 2010. In order to pinpoint this massive shift in the age pyramid of China, an important indicator for measuring the pressure of aging population on productive population may be consulted. The old-age dependency ratio in China was expected to reach 43.6 percent in 2050.

China: Life expectancy at birth from 2007 to 2018

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

2007 to 2018

Supplementary notes

The source doesn't provide publishing date. The date showed here is the date of data access.

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