Overall, employees commute more than students. Nevertheless, students use public and shared transportation much more frequently. In some regions, over 40 percent of students used public or shared transportation. With regard to both categories of commuters, public transportation is used less than private means. As of 2019, the share of commuters who took public transport at least once a day was roughly 23 percent, whereas about 70 percent of commuters in Italy travelled daily by car. In some Italian regions, approximately 80 percent of people took the car every day in 2019. These high figures might even increase after the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency: one in for respondents to a recent survey declared to be willing to use the car more often in light of infection concerns.
A pleasant alternative to cars and public transportation in many European countries is cycling. The results of a survey conducted in Italy in 2020 show that almost half of Italians never use a bike. Further results reveal that Italians perceive road conditions and the weather as the main barriers to cycling. More specifically, the roads are believed to be unsafe to bike, whereas the weather might prevent people from riding in every season. Nevertheless, the coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic might have changed this habit slightly. Another survey shows that Italians plan on choosing bikes over public transportation a little more often when commuting to work in the near future.