Italy's commuting population - statistics & facts

About 33 million people in Italy commute for work or study reasons. Roughly half of them travel outside their municipality. The northern regions register the highest shares of commuting population. In Trentino-South Tyrol, Emilia-Romagna, Veneto, Aosta Valley, and Lombardy, over 60 percent of people commuted as of 2019. However, commuting time varies substantially by residence, transportation means, density of population, quality of services, and other aspects. In Italy, about half of commuters use to travel outside their municipality for work or study. The largest share of commuters travelling outside their municipality was recorded in Lombardy. Furthermore, data show that people living in smaller municipalities commute for a longer time than those living in large cities

Overall, employees commute more than students. Nevertheless, students use public and shared transportation much more frequently. In some regions, over 40 percent of students used public or shared transportation. With regard to both categories of commuters, public transportation is used less than private means. As of 2019, the share of commuters who took public transport at least once a day was roughly 23 percent, whereas about 70 percent of commuters in Italy travelled daily by car. In some Italian regions, approximately 80 percent of people took the car every day in 2019. These high figures might even increase after the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency: one in for respondents to a recent survey declared to be willing to use the car more often in light of infection concerns.

A pleasant alternative to cars and public transportation in many European countries is cycling. The results of a survey conducted in Italy in 2020 show that almost half of Italians never use a bike. Further results reveal that Italians perceive road conditions and the weather as the main barriers to cycling. More specifically, the roads are believed to be unsafe to bike, whereas the weather might prevent people from riding in every season. Nevertheless, the coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic might have changed this habit slightly. Another survey shows that Italians plan on choosing bikes over public transportation a little more often when commuting to work in the near future.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 25 most important statistics relating to "Italy's commuting population".

Commuting population in Italy

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Important key figures

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Means of transportation

Bike and scooter


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