Benelux demographics 2017 - Statistics and Facts

Of the three Benelux countries, the Netherlands has the largest population. Today, approximately 17 million people live in the Netherlands. Roughly 11.3 million live in Belgium, and nearly 600,000 live in Luxembourg, the smallest of the Benelux countries. All three have growing populations. According to recent forecasts, by 2020 Luxemburg will have a population of some 630,000 people; Belgium’s population will increase to 11.5 million and the Dutch population will amount to 17.3 million.

With foreigners from many different nationalities making up roughly half of the population in Luxembourg, it is the most diverse of the three Benelux countries. Of the Dutch population, roughly 3,750,000 people have a foreign background. Among residents with a non-Western background, the Turkish and Moroccan communities are the largest – with 400,000 and 385,000 members respectively. The French form the largest foreign minority in Belgium, with approximately 162,000 people, followed by Italian (157,000) and Dutch (152,000) residents.

Approximately half of the population in the Netherlands is not religious. Roman Catholics make up the largest religious group, followed by several Protestant denominations. Five percent of the Dutch population is Muslim.

The 17 million people living in the Netherlands together form roughly 7.7 million households. 2.2 people live in an average Dutch household, but the largest group consists of single-person households. The number of households in Belgium amounts to approximately 4.8 million, and like in the Netherlands Belgian single-person households outnumber the others. The most recent numbers available for Luxembourg show that the case here is no different. Of the roughly 209,000 households in Luxembourg, approximately 70,000 are single-person households.

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