It is because of this unwillingness to donate that many people in Latin America spend protracted periods on waiting lists for organ transplants. In Argentina, for example, nearly 3.3 thousand patients (around 35.5 percent of those on donation waiting lists) have been waiting for three or more years to receive a needed organ. While the majority of those on waiting lists for organ transplants in Argentina were either middle-aged or elderly, 1,267 of the 9,519 patients on waiting lists for organ transplants were under the age of 30.
As of 2018, kidney is the organ with the highest number of waiting patients in Latin American countries: almost 28 thousand in Brazil, more than 15 thousand in Mexico, and around 2.2 thousand in Colombia had a chronic kidney disease and are in the need of a transplant. Cornea, at the same time, is the type of tissue with the highest number of waiting patients in the region: around 10.3 thousand in Brazil, as well as more than 6.4 thousand in Mexico suffered from a chronic cornea disorder and are waiting for a transplant.
As a result, the number of organ transplants in the region is somewhat low compared with other nations. For example, the rate of Latin American patients having received an organ transplant in 2018 ranged from a high of 58.6 patients per million population in both Mexico and Uruguay, to a low of 1.2 patients per million population in Venezuela. This compared with transplant rates in other nations, such as 107.9 patients per million population in the U.S., 71.8 patients per million population in Russia, and 46.5 patient per million population in Germany. In terms of the total number of organ transplants performed, Brazil carried out more of these medical procedures than any other Latin American country in 2018.