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Health in Mexico - Statistics & Facts

Mexico is the second most populated country in Latin America and the Caribbean, after Brazil, and one of the largest healthcare markets in the Americas. With an projected population of around 126 million inhabitants by 2019, Mexico is among the Latin American countries that invest the least in healthcare in relation to its gross domestic product. Even though health spending as a share of GDP has not gone lower than 5.4 percent between 2010 and 2018, the country’s per capita health expenditure lagged behind that of other emerging economies in the region, averaging 1,138 U.S. dollars per person per year in 2018.

Meanwhile, Mexico has the second highest number of hospitals in Latin America, and nearly 297 thousand physicians made up the country’s health workforce in 2017. That same year, the number of practicing doctors per one thousand inhabitants in Mexico was estimated at 2.43, while nurse density stood at 2.9 per thousand of the population.

Regarding health risks in Mexico, the country had one of the highest prevalence of diabetes among adults in the world, with an estimated 12.8 million Mexicans suffering from this condition as of 2019. In addition, the share of Mexicans who were considered overweight or obese reached 64 percent in 2018. Mexico was also among the Latin American countries with the highest number of deaths due to air pollution exposure, counting over 48 thousand fatalities in 2017.

As a consequence, the death rate in Mexico has slowly risen since 2007, reaching nearly 4.9 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants in 2017. One of the main causes of mortality in the North American country was malignant tumors, which accounted for more than 84 thousand deceases in 2017. By type, breast cancer is the most common diagnosis among patients with this disease, recording more than 27 thousand new cases in 2018.

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Health in Mexico

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State of health in Mexico

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