The United Kingdom (UK) has an oceanic climate with generally cool temperatures and plentiful rainfall all year round. It lies in the middle latitudes to the northwest of the great continental landmass of Eurasia. Due to its geographic location as an island, the UK is affected by numerous air masses arriving from multiple directions, such as the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic. These varying air masses significantly affect the climate in each country across the nation..
How warm does it get in the UK?
Climate change is affecting weather patterns worldwide; with temperatures rising globally, the UK is equally affected. July 2019 saw the highest daily maximum temperature on record at over 38 degrees Celsius at Cambridge. Projections show that the temperature of the warmest month in London will increase by nearly six degrees Celsius by 2050.
In general, the UK is not exactly known for its warm temperatures, with the warmest year in the past 30 being recorded in 2014 at an average temperature of 9.8 degrees Celsius. Of the four nations that make up the UK, England is the hottest, with the highest temperatures typically occurring in July. The warmest parts of England are in the south and southeast regions as they are less exposed to the northern polar air masses. The tropical continental air mass also affects the country bringing warm temperatures from North Africa and the Sahara.
UK’s wettest country
In addition to relatively mild temperatures, the UK also receives ample precipitation. Due to its geographic location and mountainous landscape, Scotland is typically the wettest country, with most of its rainfall occurring in the highlands. Rain deposits from the Atlantic move in from the west and reduce as they move east, making England the driest of the countries.
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In the following 10 chapters, you will quickly find the 59 most important statistics relating to "Weather in the United Kingdom".