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Weather in the Gulf Cooperation Council - statistics & facts

According to meteorology, weather defines the state of the atmosphere in terms of its perceived temperature (commonly measured in Celsius or Fahrenheit), humidity or aridity, calmness or storminess as well as cloudiness. The observation of the weather is recorded through weather stations scattered all over the world. The short-term observations of these measurements define the weather while the long-term collection of this data defines the climate. Although the observation of weather and its changes in the seasons have been noted since the bronze age, the record-keeping of weather began with the early enlightenment in Europe in the 17th century. Global temperatures have risen quite dramatically since industrialization in the early 20th century, and is linked to climate change. The Gulf Cooperation Council region is perceived as a hot region, and the United Arab Emirates is also evidently the country with the hottest average temperature at over 32.15 degrees Celsius.

Rainfall in the GCC region

Contrary to popular belief, the Gulf Cooperation Council does experience rainfall despite being located in the desert of the Arabian Peninsula. As of 2019, around 226 billion cubic meters of precipitation came down on the entire Gulf Cooperation Council region. Saudi Arabia received the majority of this rainfall with 191 billion cubic meters, as it has by far the largest landmass in the Gulf region.

Climate change influence on the temperature of the GCC

Climate change is a critical issue concerning the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as the wider Middle East and North African region. Rising temperatures caused by man-made climate change will lead to the coastal regions of the Gulf Cooperation Council being uninhabitable for humans in the near future if no actions to reduce global carbon emissions and the greenhouse effect are taken.

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