The road network in Czechia was not only the prevalent land transport mode for freight, but also for passengers. In 2016, the most common means of traveling across land was passenger cars. 66.5 percent of overall passenger-kilometers covered using automobiles, with the volume of passenger road transport having reached 82.5 billion passenger-kilometers in 2016 and rising further to 85.5 billion passenger-kilometers in 2017.
Despite all inland modes of transport being in high demand, the amount of infrastructure investments made presented a trend of decline. Investments in this sector amounted to roughly 1.6 billion euros in 2017, accounting for 0.81 percent of total GDP.
The road vehicle market in the Czech Republic has been in a steady growth since 1990. The passenger car stock grew continuously in the past three decades. As of 2016, the number of registered passenger cars had more than doubled in comparison to 1990. Nearly 5.3 million vehicles were registered by 2016. This translated into a motorization rate of 502 passenger cars per thousand inhabitants. Although the number of vehicles on roads increased, reported traffic fatalities fell since 2007. In contrast to the noticeable rise in passenger cars available, the number of buses and coaches saw little change in the same time span.