Registered number of vehicles Kolkata India FY 2006-2017

The Indian automotive industry was the fourth largest in the world in 2019. It was also the seventh largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles a year prior. In the eastern city of Kolkata in West Bengal alone, there were 800 thousand registered vehicles in 2017. A major proportion of the registered vehicles were the taxis, presumably the last known habitat of the characteristic yellow ambassadors, that came to India in the 1950s. Despite ending production in May 2014, the iconic vehicle produced by Hindustan Motors continue to run the streets of the city.

Indian automotive market

In 2018, more than four million commercial vehicles were produced across the south Asian country, and almost 750 thousand passenger cars exported during the same time period. However, the two-wheeler production has outgrown all other segments over the recent years. In 2019, two-wheelers dominated the production volume within the industry, with almost 25 million units. The sector has also contributed to employment in the nation, with over a million people employed directly in 2015.

Slowdown in the industry

The industry had the steepest fall in almost two decades, when car sales dropped by about 41 percent. The demand for luxury cars however, improved for a brief period. Over 600 cars were delivered by Mercedes Benz India prior to Deepavali across the nation. The company reported a hike in sales close to different festivals. With the new emission standards to be released in April 2020, the major original equipment manufacturers and industry players will need to find the right mix to fuel their success in the Indian automotive segment.

Number of motor vehicles registered across Kolkata in India from financial year 2006 to 2017

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Release date

January 2020



Survey time period

FY 2006 to FY 2017

Supplementary notes

Note: India's financial year begins in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2016 started in April 2015 and ended in March 2016.

Values have been rounded for clarity.

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