Geography & Nature

This topic deals with the world around us, from physical landscapes, to animal populations, to man-made boundaries. The natural world is currently under threat from climate change, with detrimental effects being felt throughout all ecosystems. Animal populations are in decline or becoming imbalanced, deforestation and wildfires are wreaking havoc on the earth’s woodlands, and deserts are expanding while ice sheets melt. As nature does not abide by human borders, an international response is required to conserve and protect the natural world; however, the earth’s natural resources are a source of income for many individuals and organizations who are resistant to conservation.

Longest international border
Canada-United States
Largest desert in the world
Antarctic desert
Number of wild tigers in India

Industry Insights

Global geography


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Physical geography

Untapped or over-tapped resources?
Ten countries with the largest forest area in 2020 (in million hectares)
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Physical geography deals with the processes, patterns and attributes of the natural world. These statistics deal with the height of the tallest mountains, to the deepest points of the ocean floor. The increasing necessity of nature as a renewable energy source means that understanding aspects of physical geography have never been so important. This includes the use of the earth’s waters for tidal and hydraulic energy, mountains and coastlines for wind energy, and volcanoes for geothermal energy.

Tallest mountains
Largest oceans
Longest coastlines

Human geography

Growing impact means growing responsibilities
The 30 largest countries in the world by total area (in square kilometers)
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For millennia, human settlements have generally developed around water supplies, and the world’s waterways have been used for transport and trade. Additionally, humans have used physical geography, such as mountains, rivers, and coastlines, to define political borders. With time, settlements have grown to encroach on and pollute the natural world, and booming populations have seen large metropolises expand to become megalopolises; the largest of which have upwards of eighty million inhabitants.

Metropolitan areas in the U.S
Largest countries in South America
Largest countries in the Caribbean

Animals & Plants

The two natural kingdoms
Distribution of the main regional threats to populations in the Living Planet Index (LPI)
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Although species have naturally emerged or died out for millions of years, the rate at which many species are becoming extinct is increasing, and nature is becoming more homogenous. These occurrences are not only due to the destruction of natural ecosystems, but also result from climate change. Conservation efforts have increased in recent decades, and the topic is becoming more prevalent among the public; however, it remains to be seen how much ecological damage can be prevented (or reversed).

Animal health in the U.S.
Bushfires in Australia
Bird migrations

Industry Definition

Statista’s Geography and Nature data deals with the natural world, as well as human geographical aspects. Data relating to such topics as animal populations, land areas, and physical features can often be difficult to quantify, therefore the use of estimates becomes more important; Statista is committed to using only the most reliable and esteemed sources when it comes to these matters. Additional material is available in Statista’s “Energy & Environment” category, including data relating to climate and weather, emissions, energy, environmental technology, and water.


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