The world population requires energy at an ever-increasing amount for residential, commercial, and industrial purposes. The amount of natural gas that lies deep within the Earth will meet much of the world’s needs for many decades and the abundance of natural gas in North America has made it economically viable to extract for energy demands. However, the use of natural gas has faced opposition as it is a non-renewable resource and hydraulic fracturing, the process used to extract it, has been found to have severe environmental impacts. Natural gas is one of the less expensive forms of energy available in the United States. In 2019, the price for natural gas was roughly 2.9 U.S. dollars per million British thermal unit of electricity generated. While average installation costs for natural gas generators ranged between 604 and 1,211 U.S. dollars per kilowatt, depending on the technology type.
Most of the natural gas consumed in the U.S. is produced domestically. Almost 921 billion cubic meters of natural gas were extracted in 2019, while Texas was the leading natural gas energy producer in the country.
As of 2016, natural gas has overtaken coal to become the main fuel source in the U.S. In 2019, over 30 quadrillion British thermal units of natural gas were consumed there, the majority within the electric power sector.